CogAT scores measure a child’s reasoning abilities in three key areas (verbal, quantitative, and nonverbal) but the results and scores may baffle parents and guardians.
The CogAT is not your typical school test. For most students, state standardized tests are designed to see how well they’ve retained the information presented to them in their school lessons.
CogAT tests are the same nationwide and evaluate how well a child figures out problems. It’s an excellent test of critical thinking abilities, not rote memorization. This is why many families take advantage of study guides.
There are nine sections to the CogAT test. It is so helpful for your child to see the directions and the types of questions for each CogAT section before they sit at school to take the test.
Best CogAT practice tests
If you’re not happy with your child’s scores, you should familiarize yourself with the test for next time. Some schools test every year; others only periodically.
There are easy-to-use CogAT practices guides which can really help.
CogAT workbooks also make for great summer enrichment as they encourage critical thinking skills.
Your child may need to take a high school entrance exam. Even if it is years away, it’s never too early to (even casually) start helping your child to prepare at his/her current grade level.
What are CogAT scores used for
In some schools, CogAT scores determine if a student is placed in an advanced track. This is often the case for larger schools when they don’t want to just rely on grades. Schools often administer the CogAT before students leave elementary schools as a placement tool for intermediate school or middle school.
Other schools use the CogAT for acceptance into gifted classes or their gifted program.
Depending on the high school, they may use junior high grades and CogAT test scores as part of their entrance requirements.
CogAT scores can also be very helpful for parents and guardians. With the insights provided by the CogAT, they can work in conjunction with teachers in order to provide the best type of assistance for their child.
If your child’s school doesn’t explain them fully, it can be difficult to understand CogAT results.
When the CogAT determines students’ participation in a special educational opportunity, then these scores are much more important. Just remember, the CogAT measures reasoning and problem-solving skills. However, these are not the only predictors of academic success.
Understanding CogAT Scores
Interpreting CogAT test scores
Teachers are well versed at interpreting CogAT test scores. But the same cannot be said of parents who see the scores of their children after they’ve taken the CogAT.
Parents can learn how to interpret these numbers so that they can understand what all these scores mean. Here are explanations for various parts of the CogAT test scores:
- Abilities. The CogAT tests three different types of cognitive abilities. There’s the verbal section, which evaluates your child’s ability to remember and change sequences of English words. The way your child understands the words are measured, and so is their ability to infer implications based on the meaning of those words.
- The quantitative portion of the test is all about numbers. Your child’s ability to find relationships among numbers and equations are measured. They may be asked to state what number comes next in a sequence. They may also be asked to use numbers and symbols to form the right equation.
- Finally, there is the nonverbal part of the test. This is mostly about shapes and symbols. This portion examines the reasoning skills of your child when it does not involve words at all. Your child may be asked to choose which shapes are most alike, for example. There are paper folding questions for older grades where your child’s spatial abilities will be tested.
Standardized test scoring terminology
You may have heard of Composite Score, in which the total score is derived for all the batteries of tests. If your child scores 90 on the composite score, then it means that the child did better overall than 90% of the students in their age group.
Standard Age Scores (SAS). For each portion and the composite, you’ll then see an age score. These scores tell you how your child compares to the other students in their age group.
The SAS has a mean of 100, which just tells you that a score of 100 is average for the age group. It has a standard deviation of 16, which is just a fancy way of saying that most students fall within 16 points of the mean (84 to 116). So a child who has an SAS score of 130 reveals that the child has a higher level and a faster rate of development in verbal reasoning skills than the other children in their age group.
Stanine Age Scores. The next batch of scores range from a low of 1 to a high of 9, and they group percentile ranks to give you a clearer idea of your child’s ranking among others of their age. A score of 9 means that the child is among the top 96% to 99% of the students in their age group.
Stanine, % Rank, Description
9 96-99 Very High
8 89-95 Above Average
7 77-88 Above Average
6 60-76 Average
5 40-59 Average
4 23-39 Average
3 11-22 Below Average
2 4-10 Below Average
1 1-3 Very Low
Age Percentile Rank. This is just a more specific idea of how the child ranks among their age group in the entire country. So a score of 82 on a the verbal portion means that 82% of the students in their age group in the country scored less than your child did.
APR Graph. This is simply a graph which shows your child’s age percentile rank. The score is represented by the diamond surrounded by a rectangle. The diamond represents the score, such as 82. The rectangle represents the confidence interval. In other words, the real score of your child is actually somewhere between 72 and 92, for example. There’s always an expectation of error, so the score offers a plus or minus range.
Understanding Your Child’s CogAT Scores
The error scores are different for each child. For example, the error score may be larger if your child performs inconsistently to question items in the same battery of tests. Your child may have been unable to provide the right answers for the easier items, but was able to give the right answers for the more difficult ones.
That’s an inconsistency, and the error score will reflect it. Another possible error factor is if the child does poorly in one section of a specific portion (the verbal portion, for example) but does really well in another area of the same portion.
Raw scores. This part gives you three numbers for each test portion. These numbers represent the number of items on the test, the number of items your child tried to answer, and the number of correct answers for each portion.
Grade scores. These show how your child compares to other students in the same age group in the entire country.
Local scores. These show how your child compares to other students in the same age group in the same school system.
CogAT profile. Taking the various scores for all the portions of the test as a whole also gives the profile for your child. With the profile, appropriate steps and measures can then be taken so that your child gets the right kind of educational help.
The A profile means that your child’s scores across all the portions (verbal, quantitative, and nonverbal) are roughly the same. This profile applies to about 1 out of 3 students.
The B profile applies when one of the scores is either much higher or much lower than the two others. This then reveals a child’s relative strength (one is higher than the others) or relative weakness (one is lower than the others). About 40% of all students get this profile.
The C profile denotes “contrast”. This is when a child has both a relative strength and a relative weakness. About 14% of students have a profile like this.
Finally, there’s the E profile, which stands for “extreme”. This applies when there’s at least a 24 point difference between two of the scores in the CogAT. So if a child scores a 90 on verbal and a 65 on nonverbal, then the E profile applies.
How CogAT Test Results Can Help Parents and Teachers
The scores a child gets after taking the CogAT is not just for the sake of satisfying curiosity about the children’s reasoning abilities. There are actually some practical reasons for children to take the test. CogAT scores can be used by parents and teachers in several possible ways:
They can be used to gauge a child’s reasoning abilities.
In fact, it can be used to evaluate the reasoning abilities of classes and various groups of students. This can provide teachers some valuable insights as to how their students learn, so that they can tailor and tweak their instructional methods to help students learn their lessons in school.
Teachers can teach to the strengths of the children. They can also plan their lessons around the weaknesses common to most of the children in their class. Those students who are also having some difficulty may get the extra help they need.
They can help identify children with special learning difficulties.
For example, a child may not do well with the verbal portions of the test but get excellent scores on the other portions. This may mean that the student may have some trouble with verbal comprehension. This can alert teachers to provide extra attention to verbal matters. Some tutoring may be offered for subjects which rely heavily on verbal instruction.
They can help predict how students will perform in the near future.
The correlation between CogAT and school performance is obvious, especially when the test is used in conjunction with other tests such as the Iowa Tests. A child with much higher scores is generally expected to perform well in school. But if the child does not do well in school, then some other factor may be affecting the child’s ability to get better grades.
It’s important to identify and correct it so the child can be successful. There are many possible reasons why a child with high test scores in the CogAT may perform poorly in school.
Maybe they are not being motivated properly, or perhaps they are afraid of getting too much attention when they get good grades in school. By correctly identifying the problem, guardians can take measures to help the student get the grade that better reflects their abilities.
The test can identify gifted children who can make the most of special educational programs.
Some schools offer educational programs for more gifted students. These programs offer school subjects that may be more challenging, and this can help with gifted students who may well be bored with the standard school lessons. But average or below average students may not prosper well in those programs, because they will consider it too difficult.
The CogAT will help to identify the gifted students to place in the special advanced school program.
Benefits of CogAT Test Practice Materials
There are some differences of opinion as to how helpful various CogAT practice materials are for preparing your child for this test. Educational Games To Help With The CogAT Assessment
In general, preparing properly for the CogAT can be good for your child, especially if they are older. Younger children may not appreciate having to take a practice test, but older students can see the value of these. They can at least alleviate their anxiety by knowing how the exams work.
By familiarizing your child with the types of questions in advance, you will be allowing them more time to work on the problems. Each section of the CogAT is timed, with less than 20 minutes each.
The type of questions they face in the actual test won’t be as intimidating if they have already faced similar questions before. At the very least, they will know what they are supposed to do.
When it comes to these types of tests, it’s very easy to score much lower than what they could have, and more difficult to score higher than what their real CogAT score should be.
With the right preparation, at least your child can increase the chances of scoring the highest score they can possibly achieve.
The CogAT does not measure work habits, motivation, and attention. As a parent you may need to gently help in these areas as well.
Check Out our Blog. Here are some additional Resource to Understanding Kid’s CogAT Scores:
How Important Are The Results Of A Cogat Test
What To Do If You Are Questioning Your Child’s Cogat Scores
How To Interpret Your Child’s Cogat Scores And Their School Success
Understanding CogAT Scores Are Helpful to Parents